Energy Storage

Energy storage augment electrical grids by capturing excess electrical energy during periods of low demand and storing it until needed on an electrical grid. The energy is later converted back to its electrical form and returned to the grid as needed.

Vulnerabilities:
  • Financial fraud
  • Network security breach
Nation-E's offering:
 

Power Electronics

A PV inverter converts electrical power from a solar panel and deploys it to the utility grid efficiently. DC power from the solar panels, which act like a dc current source, is converted to ac and fed onto the utility’s grid in the correct phase relationship with up to 98% efficiency

Vulnerabilities:
  • Financial fraud
  • Network security breach
Nation-E's offering:
 

Smart Meter

An electronic device that records consumption of electric energy in intervals of an hour or less and communicates that information at least daily back to the utility for monitoring and billing.

Vulnerabilities:
  • Financial fraud
  • Network security breach
Nation-E's offering:
 

Wind Turbine

A wind turbine is a device that converts kinetic energy from the wind into electrical power. Arrays of large turbines, known as wind farms, are becoming an increasingly important source of renewable energy and are used by many countries as part of a strategy to reduce their reliance on fossil fuels.

Vulnerabilities:
  • Financial fraud
  • Network security breach
Nation-E's offering:
 

Generator

A device that converts mechanical energy to electrical energy for use in an external circuit. The source of mechanical energy may vary widely from a hand crank to an internal combustion engine. Generators provide nearly all of the power for electric power grids

Vulnerabilities:
  • Controller breach
  • False SoH indication
  • DoS
Nation-E's offering:
 

Photovoltaic

A major portion of the electrical energy produced directly from the sun’s radiation is generated by solar photovoltaic (PV) cells, which convert photons of light energy to electron flow that constitutes an electrical current

Vulnerabilities:
  • Financial fraud
  • Network security breach
Nation-E's offering: